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What Heat Pumps Work Best in Cold Climates?

Zobrazení:0     Autor:Editor webu     Čas publikování: 2021-07-28      Původ:Stránky


The winter season can be pretty hard to endure if you don't have the right kind of heating equipment in place. As a result, you must have an adequate heat pump installed to offer a comprehensive and efficient home heating and cooling source. However, not all heating pumps are adaptable to extreme cold conditions. As a result, you have to be very careful when picking one for your home.


Contrary to various misconceptions in the market, the right heat pump, with the correct features, can operate efficiently even in the coldest weather. Heat pumps often prove to be an excellent and cost-effective alternative compared to other forms of heating systems. They also help reduce one's impact on the environment since they produce fewer emissions, and you can even power them with renewable energy sources.


If you reside in a frigidly cold region, you must know which type of heat pumping system will work for your home. Therefore, the information provided below will help you in making the right decision.



Measuring your heat pump heating efficiency

Several KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) you should consider when evaluating a heat pump's energy efficiency. They include the following:


1. COP

COP or coefficient performance is the level of heat that a heat pump can emit when compared to the energy that it gives out. For instance, if a heat pump has a COP of 5, it will produce five units of heat for each watt of power consumed.



HSPF or Heating Seasonal Performance Factor refers to measuring a heat pump's heating efficiency in heating mode. By knowing the HSPF score of your heat pump, you will determine which units are most efficient during the cold winters days since reduced temperatures can lower its performance capabilities. One should also remember that a good HSPF score translates to low operating costs when you set the heat pump to cool mode.


3. The rated outdoor temperature

The rated outdoor temperature refers to the lowest temperature that a heat pump can produce adequate heating for your household or office. The way air-source heat pumps work is that they pull in heat from the air outside. This means that when the air gets colder during the winter months, the heat pump has to work twice as hard to extract heat from it and direct it into your home.


Even though most quality heat pumps can work efficiently at temperatures of as low as 24 degrees, it is always good to have a backup heating system for snowy winter days.


Heat pumps that work best in cold climates

The ground source or geothermal heat pump is considered by many to be the best kind of heat pump for cold weather. This is because it is buried underneath the ground, which gives it a natural source of warmth. In most cases, the piping is placed way down into the earth to avoid the effects of cold weather and frost. This also means that they won't freeze up due to the natural warm conditions.


Another good thing about such heat pumps is that they do not lose efficiency at any given time of the year, unlike most heat pumps installed outside.


Water-source heat pumps

Water-source heat pumps are geothermal heat pumps that use a body of water, like a lake or pond, to heat households or offices. They are usually a good option if you happen to have a body of water on your premises. Contrary to what some may think, water-source heat pumps can be cheaper to install than ground ones and offer a more consistent temperature, unlike air-source heat pumps.


However, it is essential to note that a considerable portion of its cost efficiency is dependent on the existence of a body of water that would be ready for a water-source heat pump installation. Lack thereof will mean that this heating option will be out of your reach.


Air-source heat pumps

Currently, most homes and offices use air-source heat pumps for their heating and cooling and heating capabilities. However, they tend to have some significant drawbacks when compared to their counterparts. As a result, if you opt for such heat pumps, you should be aware of a few things.


As mentioned earlier, the amount of heat that most air source heat pumps can transfer into your household is dependent mainly on the general outdoor temperature. This means that whenever the temperature drops, the heat pump level comes from your heat pump. Most air-source heat pumps' design today allows them to emit enough heat for approximately 80-90% of the annual heating requirement. This is usually sufficient to cater to 100% of a household's heating needs when temperatures are above freezing.


If you opt for an air source heating pump, it will probably be a good idea that you have a backup heating source for when temperatures drop. This way, it can pick up from where your heat pump starts to decline in efficiency levels. You can also choose to purchase a couple of large metal canisters of gas and use them when needed in other faux fireplaces in your home. Doing this will also mean that you get to save on utility costs since you won't have to be hooked to the gas mains or use other standard heating methods.


To conclude

Heat pumps can be an excellent and cost-efficient method of heating your home or office compared to other conventional options. They are environmentally friendly due to fewer emissions and can even be powered by renewable energy sources depending on the situation. The trick is finding the right one for your home or office that will allow you to enjoy such benefits.


It is also good to highlight that most of the newer heat pumps have improved capabilities when it comes to handling cold weather. This is the result of new technologies that have been applied in the making of these heat pumps. Nowadays, the right heat pump can perform remarkably well even in the coldest climatic conditions.

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